How Does Worm Composting Work?

Written by Naomi Meza


Posted on November 30 2023

Sustainable living and environmentally conscious practices have become part and parcel of our daily lives.

Yet, as much as we try, we can never really outdo the humble worm working its magic beneath your garden's surface.

Worms are central to worm composting and help reduce waste and nourish the planet.

But what exactly is worm composting, and how is it done?

In this article, we explore the secrets of soil alchemy and take a deep dive (or should we say dig) into worm composting.


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What is the Purpose of Worm Composting?

Earth worms in soil

Worms convert waste into worm manure, which is nutrient-rich and biologically beneficial to your garden soil.

Worm composting is the process of breaking down organic kitchen waste using worms.

How to Start Worm Composting?

Person putting worm in compost bin

To start worm composting, you will need a bin, worms (you can buy them), some soil, and a few organic waste materials to feed them.

You will also need newspapers to make the bedding fluffy and aerated.


Related Post: Should You Add Fertilizer to Your Compost Pile?


What is the Process of Worm Composting?

Hand holding soil with worms

Below is the worm composting process from start to finish of running your worm composter.

Get a Worm Bin

First, take the bin and clean it by rinsing it out with regular tap water. It can be store-bought or recycled containers that are big enough.

Cleaning the bin will help remove any compounds that may harm the worms.

Make a Worm Bed

Next, you'll need to cover the bottom of the bin with moist newspaper.

Newspaper strips provide the worms with air, water, and food for your worms. Avoid using colored print as it may contain harmful chemicals.


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Make sure the bedding feels fluffy. Next, sprinkle two to four cups of soil in the bin to introduce beneficial microorganisms.

You want to go for gritty soil to aid your worm's digestion.

Add the Worms

You can now introduce the worms to the worm bin.

You might want to weigh your worms before you start out.

Knowing the weight or volume of your worms will help you know how much food they need.

Introduce Food Scraps

Next, you want to add some food scraps under the bedding.

Worms like vegetable scraps, fruits, and other organic materials you would throw away from your kitchen.

However, you may want to avoid introducing citrus fruits, meat, and bones, oil, or dairy products.


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What Are the Benefits of Worm Composting?

Wooden worm compost bin

There are numerous benefits of worm composting, and they revolve around being environmentally friendly and a great alternative to non-organic fertilizers in your garden.

a) It's Easy

Worm composting is easy because the worms do most of the work for you. All you have to do is use the organic soil to feed your garden.

b) Worm Composting is Organic

No chemicals must be added to your worm composter, making it 100% organic. The nutrient-rich soil can be used to sustain organic gardens.


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c) It's Sustainable

Worm composting is sustainable because it reuses and recycles nutrients, encouraging a self-sufficient lifestyle.

To stimulate your compost, you can introduce alfalfa meal fertilizer.

Doing this will get things moving along faster as it feeds the microorganisms in the soil.


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Get your Alfalfa Meal Fertilizer from our shop and check out our variety of other compost friendly fertilizers while you're there. Happy growing!



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