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What Vegetables to Plant in Fall for Early Spring Harvest?

Written by Naomi Meza


Posted on October 20 2023

Fresh vegetables from your garden ease your mind about many things, including the certainty that there are no harmful chemicals that could affect you and your family's health.

If you are particularly intrigued by the unique, fresh, and natural taste garden vegetables have to offer, then planting your fall crop is an exciting annual activity you could engage in.


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What Are the Benefits of Garden Planting in Fall?

Fall garden plants

Autumn is the best time of year to plant your garden vegetables to give them time during the winter to grow deep, strong roots ready for spring and summer.

Did you know that plant roots can keep growing in 45°F temperatures?

Once spring sets in, your garden will be full of life from the get-go, giving you more time with your precious plants and vegetables.

Apart from the added time to grow, planting vegetables in spring also provides your seeds and seedlings with the best soil conditions to germinate.


Related Post: The Best Plants for a Fall Garden


Suitable Climate Zones

USDA Plant Hardiness Map

There are many different climate zones in the United States.

Some of them are best for fall garden vegetables, while others aren't.

Planting your fall vegetable garden depends on your region's lowest temperatures, as stipulated by the United States Department of Agriculture.

Vegetable Selection

Fall vegetables on a countertop

Here are a few vegetables you can plant in your fall vegetable garden for a bumper crop harvest in spring and summer.


Cabbage is a nice, hardy crop that makes for diverse dishes. You can never go wrong with cabbage.


Your soups and stews will never be the same again with peas growing in your spring garden.


To keep your lettuce healthy and thriving, apply a healthy dose of Lettuce Fertilizer 8-15-36 Plus Micronutrients every 10 to 14 days after transplanting to the garden.


The perfect source of iron and Vitamin K, kale is the perfect addition to your garden and dinner table.


Spinach makes for a nice dish full of nutrients. It is easy to cook and is packed full of flavor.


Nothing goes better with steak than a few pieces of asparagus and a glass of red wine.

Tomatoes and Peppers

Woman planting tomato plants with greenway biotech tomato fertilizer 4-18-38 plus micronutrients

Tomatoes and peppers do well in cooler temperatures because it acts as insect and pest control. For a nice harvest in spring, use tomato fertilizer or pepper & herb fertilizer from Greenway Biotech.


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Other plants you can plant in the fall include;

  • Broccoli

  • Cauliflower

  • Brussels Sprouts

  • Onions

  • Potatoes

  • Kohlrabi

  • Chard

Garden Preparation

Two women prepping their garden with hand shovels

The first thing you need to do is clean any dead or dying plant materials in your garden to prevent contamination.

Next, inspect for diseases or pests and apply any needed soil improvement compounds like manure.

Once your soil is ready, plant your fall vegetables and enjoy your spring garden.

Planting Schedule

Hand planting seeds in soil

The best time to plant seedlings is ten weeks before frost is expected.

You can get away with nine or even seven weeks before frost.

Garlic can typically wait until October to be planted, while everything else goes into the ground around September 11.


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Care and Maintenance

Greenway biotech water soluble fertilizers

Cut back any dead plants to make way for new growth when spring comes.

You can also plant a few cover crops to protect the fall vegetables from the winter chill. Cover crops are also useful in enriching the soil.


Related Post: Why Cover Crops Are Important in the Fall


Get everything your fall garden needs at Greenway Biotech.

Fall garden preparation doesn't have to be a stressful experience.

Get the fertilizers you need for your fall garden, in our shop, and find vegetable gardening tips for spring to the best vegetables for every season in our Home & Garden blog; we have it all.

Browse through our website today and unravel your gardening adventure.



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